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Weekly Bible Notes

Third Sunday before Lent

Year C, Green

Jesus calling the disciplesIntroduction

Jesus is seen going fishing this week with Simon. Remember that Jesus was a carpenter/builder and he gets into the boat with Simon and set out deliberately into deep water. We don't know if Jesus was any good at fishing, or sailing boats. There have been boats discovered by archaeologists and one found at Lake Galiliee from the first century which was about 30 feet long and 8 feet wide was found to have over a dozen different kinds of wood in it. What I am wondering is whether jesus made boats, tested them and made sure they sailed well. Who knows, but we should be fairly confident that a hardened fisherman like Simon Peter would not normally take instruction from a man who made his living on dry land. However there is something special about Jesus, Simon does not question when Jesus tells him to go out into the deeper water. Simon just listens to Jesus and he discovers fish beyond his widlest dreams. The reaction of Simon to Peter it to be come aware of the greatness of Jesus and his own unworthiness. The response of Jesus is to reassure him and tell him not to be afraid.

There are lessons for us here, Jesus is kind. His greatness is not to be for us a cause for fear, rather an encouragement to trust and know his care for us and his willingness to use us in his service.

Opening Verse of Scripture  Psalm 138

I will give thanks to you, O Lord, with my whole heart; before the gods will I sing praise to you. will bow down towards your holy temple and praise your name, because of your love and faithfulness; for you have glorified your name and your word above all things.

Collect Prayer for the Day—Before we read we pray

O God, you know us to be set in the midst of so many and great dangers, that by reason of the frailty of our nature we cannot always stand upright: grant to us such strength and protection as may support us in all dangers and carry us through all temptations; through Jesus Christ your Son our Lord, who is alive and reigns with you, in the unity of the Holy Spirit, one God, now and for ever. CW

Lord of the hosts of heaven, our salvation and our strength, without you we are lost: guard us from all that harms or hurts and raise us when we fall; through Jesus Christ our Lord. CW

First Bible Reading Isaiah Chapter 6 Verse 1-8 (9-13)

In the year that King Uzziah died, I saw the Lord sitting on a throne, high and lofty; and the hem of his robe filled the temple. Seraphs were in attendance above him; each had six wings: with two they covered their faces, and with two they covered their feet, and with two they flew. And one called to another and said: ‘Holy, holy, holy is the LORD of hosts; the whole earth is full of his glory.’The pivots on the thresholds shook at the voices of those who called, and the house filled with smoke. And I said: ‘Woe is me! I am lost, for I am a man of unclean lips, and I live among a people of unclean lips; yet my eyes have seen the King, the LORD of hosts!’

Then one of the seraphs flew to me, holding a live coal that had been taken from the altar with a pair of tongs. The seraph touched my mouth with it and said: ‘Now that this has touched your lips, your guilt has departed and your sin is blotted out.’ Then I heard the voice of the Lord saying, ‘Whom shall I send, and who will go for us?’ And I said, ‘Here am I; send me!’ And he said, ‘Go and say to this people:
“Keep listening, but do not comprehend; keep looking, but do not understand.” Make the mind of this people dull, and stop their ears, and shut their eyes, so that they may not look with their eyes, and listen with their ears, and comprehend with their minds, and turn and be healed.’ Then I said, ‘How long, O Lord?’ And he said: ‘Until cities lie waste without inhabitant, and houses without people, and the land is utterly desolate; until the LORD sends everyone far away, and vast is the emptiness in the midst of the land. Even if a tenth part remains in it, it will be burned again, like a terebinth or an oak whose stump remains standing when it is felled.’ The holy seed is its stump. NRSV

Second Reading 1 Corinthians Chapter 15 Verses 1-11

I would remind you, brothers and sisters, of the good news that I proclaimed to you, which you in turn received, in which also you stand, through which also you are being saved, if you hold firmly to the message that I proclaimed to you – unless you have come to believe in vain.

For I handed on to you as of first importance what I in turn had received: that Christ died for our sins in accordance with the scriptures, and that he was buried, and that he was raised on the third day in accordance with the scriptures, and that he appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve. Then he appeared to more than five hundred brothers and sisters at one time, most of whom are still alive, though some have died. Then he appeared to James, then to all the apostles. Last of all, as to one untimely born, he appeared also to me. For I am the least of the apostles, unfit to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God. But by the grace of God I am what I am, and his grace towards me has not been in vain. On the contrary, I worked harder than any of them – though it was not I, but the grace of God that is with me. Whether then it was I or they, so we proclaim and so you have come to believe. NRSV

Gospel Reading Luke Chapter 5 Verses 1-11

While Jesus was standing beside the lake of Gennesaret, and the crowd was pressing in on him to hear the word of God, he saw two boats there at the shore of the lake; the fishermen had gone out of them and were washing their nets. He got into one of the boats, the one belonging to Simon, and asked him to put out a little way from the shore. Then he sat down and taught the crowds from the boat. When he had finished speaking, he said to Simon, ‘Put out into the deep water and let down your nets for a catch.’ Simon answered, ‘Master, we have worked all night long but have caught nothing. Yet if you say so, I will let down the nets.’ When they had done this, they caught so many fish that their nets were beginning to break. So they signalled their partners in the other boat to come and help them. And they came and filled both boats, so that they began to sink. But when Simon Peter saw it, he fell down at Jesus’ knees, saying, ‘Go away from me, Lord, for I am a sinful man!’ For he and all who were with him were amazed at the catch of fish that they had taken; and so also were James and John, sons of Zebedee, who were partners with Simon. Then Jesus said to Simon, ‘Do not be afraid; from now on you will be catching people.’ When they had brought their boats to shore, they left everything and followed Jesus. NRSV

Post Communion Prayer

Go before us, Lord, in all we do with your most gracious favour, and guide us with your continual help, that in all our works begun, continued and ended in you, we may glorify your holy name, and finally by your mercy receive everlasting life; through Jesus Christ our Lord.


We are told that the Gospel reading today takes place at The Lake of Gennesaret, this is Luke's name for the Sea of Galilee, you will also hear about Simon, this is of course Simon Peter, who will become known as just Peter.

The fishermen were cleaning their nets after a long night. They would have been tired and discouraged after a long, fruitless night. They were ready to call it a day. It was time to go home, to eat, and to get some sleep. The crowds on the other hand were pressing in on Jesus, he was the latest news and they crowded around like people today chase film stars, hoping for a significant word or a touch.

Jesus had an answer to the crowd control issues, he got into one of the boats, the one belonging to Simon, and asked him to put out a little way from the shore. Then he sat down and taught the crowds from the boat" (v. 3). This is Simon's first appearance in this Gospel, and it is his first act of obedience. Given his fatigue and frustration, we could not expect Simon to be in the best mood. He was surely ready to go home—not back in his boat.

When I go fishing I don’t really mind if I don’t catch anything, getting away from it all in beautiful surroundings with birds and trees and all the joys of nature is sufficient benefit in its own right. For the disciples it must have been a very different matter, they were not fishing for fun, this was their livelihood and no fish meant no money, they would eventually go hungry if there was no catch. When Jesus told the disciples how to fish it is hard for us to understand just how fed up they must have been and discouraged.

Jesus' instructions to Peter were counter-intuitive. Peter was the fisherman. He knew better than Jesus the carpenter where to find fish. The fishermen had fished all night without results. The fish were not there, a fact of which they had ample proof. The fishermen were washing the nets, wrapping things up so that they could call it a day (v. 2)They were eager to go home. Peter's common sense told him that there was no reason to try again. He must have hated to ask the other men to get the newly cleaned nets dirty again. So Simon spoke out

‘Master, we've worked hard all night and haven't caught anything. But because you say so, I will let down the nets.’

He voiced his doubt to Jesus, but nevertheless he addressed Jesus as Master, a title used for Jesus only by the disciples (8:24, 45; 9:33; 49; 17:13). He then said, "Yet if you say so, I will lay down the nets" (v. 5). It was this obedience in the face of doubt that opened the door to an abundant miracle. The followers of Jesus are not necessarily expected to understand, but they are expected to obey. This is the kind of statement which Jesus must have wanted to hear. The disciples obey him not because it sounds like a good idea, or because they agree with him, they are obedient because it is Jesus who tells them.

How often are we prepared to do the same thing, to put out and do something which we might disagree with ourselves, just because we think that Jesus might want us to do it? This is real Christian faith in action and surely it is what has delivered abundant results for so many people who wanted to obey God throughout history. It is the same obedient commitment which empowered so many people through the Bible, people like Moses and David, Joseph and Paul. When I hear these words spoken by Simon, I remember the statement which Mary the mother of Jesus made at the first miracle in Cana. His mother said to the servants, "Do whatever he tells you." John Chapter 2:5.

 I am not surprised that Simon praised Jesus after the great catch of fish, but I am impressed by his willingness to put to sea with Jesus. Surely the greater miracle was not Jesus telling the disciples how to catch fish, it was Simon Peter obeying Jesus and putting out to sea?

So we have the message laid out for us, the pattern for Christian behaviour is about listening and obedience. The disciples hear the words of Jesus and they obey him, "Go into the deep water and let your nets down for a catch." (verse 4). The lesson is clear, it is only by listening to the words of Jesus that they are able to achieve real success. Surely we are supposed to ask ourselves how many of our failures can be traced back to the need for us to take time to a need to hear God speak before we act on our own instruction.

Occasionally I have heard Christians draw the conclusion that real discipleship is about listening and reflection, understanding that it is God who does things and we must have a less active ministry. This does not mean that one little bit, it is no excuse for laziness. We might have to be brave in service, we might have to work really hard. Those disciples had to put back out to sea after a hard days work and start all over again. What it does mean is that before we start work we must do more than ask for God’s blessing on our labours, we must seek direction that God wants that work done in the first place. Only then do we apply ourselves to the task that he has set before us.

So it is that a great many sermons have been preached about the difference between working hard with only our own ideas to guide us and working with divine inspiration. The disciples found that obedience yielded results. Their catch was so enormous that it revealed that this carpenter-turned-rabbi was no ordinary person, as evidenced by Peter's comments, "Go away from me, Lord, for I am a sinful man!" (v8) This is just the same reaction which Isaiah had when faced with the awesome nature of God. Both Isaiah and Peter feel the magnitude of their unworthiness when they come face to face with Holy. They do not enjoy the experience, they protest their unworthiness. It was the response of Moses at the burning bush. "And Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to look at God" (Exod 3:6).

We have largely lost this sense of wonder and fear in God's presence. But, in our better moments, we kneel worshipfully in God's presence, acknowledging that we owe God thanks for every breath we take. A seraph cleanses Isaiah lips with a burning coal, and Jesus also has a cleansing word for Peter. ‘Then Jesus said to Simon, 'Do not be afraid’’ (v. 10b). These are the same words of the angel, who says, ‘Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favour with God’ (1:30). Jesus will use these words twice again in this Gospel. "Do not be afraid; you are of more value than many sparrows" (12:7) and "Do not be afraid, little flock, for it is your Father's good pleasure to give you the kingdom" (12:32). If we will admit it, we are afraid of many things, but Jesus brings us the assurance that we need not be afraid. "…from now on you will be catching people." (v. 10c). The fulfillment of this promise of Jesus will happen in earnest at Pentecost. Peter will preach a sermon, and three thousand people will be baptized in one day. That of course was only just the beginning.


We very often look at the actions of Jesus and see the theological signs and interpret them in ways which help us to understand the deeper meanings. Occasionally it is also worthwhile considering them at face value as acts of great kindness.

  1. Jesus goes to a wedding and when they run out of wine he helps out and makes sure that the host is not embarrassed in front of the guests.
  2. He walks through a crowd and stops when he sees a little old lady who everybody ignores and he gives her some attention when probably nobody else has taken time to listen to her problems.

In todays reading Jesus see men who have been fishing all night without a catch. On the rare occasions when I don’t catch any fish when I go out on a boat, I usually think that it isn’t a problem because we have enjoyed each others company on the lovely lake. Not so of course for Simon and his family, they paid good money for a licence to fish the lake and this was their livelihood. If there were no fish there was no money and subsequent economic hardship, eventually no food. Seeing their predicament Jesus takes them onto the lake and he helps them catch more fish than they could have wished for.

Jesus shows us examples of how we can be aware of the needs of others. Who can you be kind to today ?


  1. Wild and lone the prophet's voice (Aberystwyth)
  2. You are the vine (as)
  3. O walk with Jesus, wouldn't thou know (Ombersley)
  4. My Lord, who in he desert fed (Melcombe)
  5. Son of God, eternal Saviour (Abbot's Leigh)

Prayers for Sunday and the week ahead

Additional Resources

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes ‘Procesión de disciplinantes’ 1812-1819

A Picture Paints a Thousand Words

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes ‘Procesión de disciplinantes’ 1812-1819
A Procession of Flagellants (Procesión de disciplinantes) is an oil-on-panel painting produced by Francisco de Goya between 1812 and 1819.

When Napoleon’s reign ended, the old Spanish king’s son, Ferdinand VII took the throne and he was a tyrannical ruler, reinstating the Inquisition.
This painting is one of a series illustrating aspects of Spanish life which liberals like Goya wanted to reform but they were by the tyrant Ferdinand VII of Spain who reinstated the Inquisition.
In the foreground is a procession of Roman Catholic men dressed in white and they wear a capirote, a hat akin to the Ku Klux Klan, but used at the time for humiliation and punishment in different colours, red for those about to be killed by the church! The men whip their own bare backs in penitence which bleed and the brutality of the scene is shown as blood flows on their white garments. They pull large images such as of the Crucifixion of Christ as devotees line the route kneeling and some wear black hoods. On the right a man is impaled and all are carrying banners, crosses and lamps. This brutality is shown by the blood flowing out onto the white garment of the central figure.
All the figures in the foreground are in the light and the crowd are illuminated by a blue sky. However there is a dark wall and it is oppressive and represents the sinister world of the church which brings about such displays of human misery, literally placing burdens on the bleeding backs of its adherents. There is much about religion which made and in some cases still makes people feel bad about themselves. It induces guilt and is repressive and controlling. God is seen as the great finger pointing deity in the sky who dislikes his creation for doing what he created it to do! To love God is hate oneself and become subject to self loathing and constant introspection and self examination. There is an obsession with low self esteem and a repeated attempt to purge the soul often through ascetism or in extreme cases physical pain. This self absorbed behaviour can of course produce a perverse self gratification where the lines between pleasure and pain become blurred. There have been many sinister manifestations of this in the church across the ages. Of course this can be personal self abuse originating through by guilt , it can also be the infliction punishment by others. Interestingly Goya also painted the Spanish Inquisition in which the church which came out
of the same philosophy.


There is an obvious change in the way that we treat authority figures. Police, doctors, lawyers, politicians, are all treated differently than they were. No longer do we hold authority figures in respect and blindly accept what they tell us. Now we question and people have to earn the right to be listened to. We find it increasingly hard to trust what we are told by our leaders.

So when Peter was told by Jesus to row out into deep water and he would catch fish why did he obey Jesus? Why does the fisherman listen to the carpenter? Is there something about Jesus which means that he is actually worth trusting when we are surrounded by so many others who let us down?

Today, the words of Jesus really are something which we can trust in a world which seems so full of deceit.


Are we aware of our sin and failure? Do we have doubts and misgivings about our abilities and perhaps even the abilities of God? Such things are evidenced by the disciples too but they are obedient . A disciple of Jesus Christ is not necessarily a finished product, someone who has it all figured out and whose faith never falters. A disciple of Jesus Christ is someone who, in spite of their questions and their doubts, is drawn like a moth to the holy flame of the One who is called The Way, The Truth, The Light and the Life.